Dr. Vishal Kumar Chorasiya
Dr. Vishal Kumar Chorasiya

Liver Transplant

Liver Transplant

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Liver Transplant

Dr. Vishal Kumar Chorasiya

Liver transplant is a surgical procedure which involves the removal and replacement of a patients’ liver which is diseased with a new healthy liver either whole or partial from another individual whose liver is absolutely normal and disease free. The individual who donate the liver or from whom the liver is retrieved is referred to as the donor and the individual who receives it is referred to as the recipient. As liver is a unilateral (single) organ like heart it is not possible for anyone to donate it as a whole while being alive, therefore a whole organ can only be retrieved from a person who is dying and whose family wishes to donate the organs. The liver retrieved from such donors is called a cadaveric liver and the transplant of such a liver is referred to as a cadaveric or Deceased donor liver transplant.1

With the advancement in the knowledge of human anatomy and surgical expertise in liver surgery it is now possible to retrieve a viable portion of liver from a living individual without affecting his health or causing any long term sequelae. It has only been possible because of immense capacity of liver to regrow. The portion of liver that is taken out usually regrows within 2-4 weeks’ time to achieve more that 95% of the pre-surgery functioning. This retrieved liver can then be implanted into the body of the patient who is called as recipient. Such type of liver transplant surgery is referred to as Living Donor Liver transplant.

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